Innovation Capability Center visited Agya Conference, Berlin

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Migration and Transnational Cooperation

Dr. Michael Boronowsky from the innovation Capability center at the University of Bremen visited the conference

Migration and Transnational Cooperation in Education, Research and Innovation, 2 – 3 May 2016, Berlin, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Kapelle-Ufer 1, 10117 Berlin.

Migration and flight open up a wide variety of chances and cause at the same time major challenges to societies in the Arab world as well as in Europe, including Germany. The AGYA Working Group Arab and German Education provided new impetus on migration issues, in particular from Arab perspectives, and discussed on education across borders. In five thematic workshops renowned scientists and high-ranking experts addressed the following topics:

  • Agya-posterIntegrating migrants into the university
  • Innovation and knowledge transfer
  • Online and blended learning initiatives and institutions
  • Teacher education and education research
  • Migration research and education

Furthermore, the event offered a dialogue platform for Arab and German university presidents to enhance the mutual recognition of conditions and requirements in the respective higher education systems and to facilitate circular migration of students and scientists.

The event was visited by 200 scientist and Universities leaders from 19 Countries. It was an excellent platform for exchange on operative but also on a political level. The Innovation Capability Center visited the workshop for technology transfer and innovation, where several presentations were given related to the current situation of tech trans in the Arab world and several best practices were introduced during this event.

Meet the Public Policy Living Lab

The Public Policy Living Lab (P2L2) applies interregional policy learning and exchange of experiences on important aspects of the regional innovation ecosystems, focusing on the field of advanced materials.

P2L2’s main aim is to improve policy instruments by

  • supporting innovation ecosystems of advanced materials;
  • supporting the implementation and evaluation of the Smart specialization strategies (RIS3);
  • coordinating regional policies between sectors to facilitate a real innovation ecosystem beyond administrative regional boundaries.

The project runs from April 2016 to March 2020. During this time partners will have the opportunity to exchange, compare, and learn from each other how to improve their relevant policy instruments. After 2 years of policy learning and exchange, each region will prepare an action plan with the main action to be implemented at the regional level and monitored during the last 2 years.

P2L2 goes beyond traditional ‘good practice sharing’. Results will not only improve policy instruments for increasing growth and innovation rates. The project will also deliver a “limited mapping” tool and add value by aligning S3 strategies within one field – that of advanced materials –  between different regions to identify overlaps, gaps, complementarity and opportunities for European collaboration.

The Participant Regions

Bremen

The State of Bremen (Germany) has several policy tools for fostering research, development, and innovation in regional enterprises. This project focuses on EcoMat – a center for eco-efficient materials & technology that involves actors from industry such as Airbus and research.

Podkarpackie

The Podkarpackie Province is a region with a strong regional focus on Aviation and Defence industries. Their policy tool aims at constantly involving stakeholders into policy framing, creating medium-term strategies, identifying business and scientific fields of excellence, and developing cooperation projects.

Piedmont

The Piemonte region in Italy focuses on establishing advanced materials as key enabling technology across a wide range of industries. Promoting advanced materials as a cross-sectional element of different production processes would boost innovation potential.

Aquitaine

The Aquitaine region (France) focuses on the field of chemistry for developing the competitiveness of the advanced materials. Their aim is to check whether their strategy is sound in terms of creating an innovation ecosystem, industrializing businesses, and demonstrating the cross-cutting capacity with other specialization areas.

Denmark

Denmark pursues its own Cluster and Network Strategy. This strategy is an attempt to integrate innovation networks at both the national and regional levels, thus creating an effective framework for knowledge sharing and growth in the networks while optimizing the delegation and coordination of tasks among the involved public bodies.

Lithuania
Lithuania presents its Innovoucher LT policy instrument. The aim of the instrument is to encourage business-science cooperation by providing SMEs with a voucher to perform R&D activities with research institutions. Innovouchers are one of the supportive services in the field of Lithuanian advanced materials sector.

First innoSPICE Assessment at IRESA for the DAAD Ramses Project

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The RAMSES project Team from University of Bremen, David Wewetzer and, Dr. Michael Boronowsky, performed an innoSPICE Assessment on management level at the Tunisian research institute IRESA, from 21.3-23.3.2016. It was the first assessment of a planned series of innoSPICE assessments within the networks of the connected Research Institutes and Higher Education Institutions. IRESA is comprising 23 Research Centers and HEIs and is directly connected to the Tunisian Ministry of Agriculture. IMG_2929The DAAD RAMSES project has the goal to improve the management capacities in the area knowledge- and technology transfer. This assessment was focusing on the validation and reflection on the new structures, that are currently established within IRESA. The IRESA team was headed by the President of IRESA, Prof. Mohamed Aziz Darghouth.

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The Team from Bremen University was very impressed how fast the whole IRESA Team was getting into the innoSPICE approach. The overall atmosphere oft he assessment was very open and targeted. The three days were very dense and productive, and a lot of challenging details, related to improvement of organizational processes had been discussed.It was summarized by the participants that the assessment was
a valuable and helpful experience and that there is an interest to learn how to integrate this approach into the management practices of IRESA.

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The innovation Capability Center team is very happy about this cooperation and we are looking forward to continue the project work soon.

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DAAD RAMSES Assessment Training

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Introduction

The innoSPICE training at Cairo University (CU) was continuing from 8.-12.11.2015. Focus of this training was the performance of an innoSPICE based activity assessment with trainees from the nursing faculty, dentistry and the administration of CU. Beside this initial evaluation, the preparation for the planned innoSPICE assessment pilot and process improvement at level of the nursing and dentistry faculty was discussed. To prepare these assessments, the trainees will perform an analysis and write a report of two existing activities in two departments of each faculty (to be selected), thereby developing a better understanding how far societal or commercial needs are considered in these activities:IMG_1906

  1. The development and submission of the faculty’s research plan and the
  2. linkage and transmission of national priorities discussed in national platforms to suitable transfer policies in the departments.

The analysis will have to identify the status quo and provide initial concepts for improvement within the selected departments:

  • the individual steps, the involved stakeholders and their responsibilities, the administrative procedures
  • current and potential barriers and challenges to respect and to integrate societal and commercial needs
  • potential suggestions for improvement, suitable actions, and required resources.

Based on this analysis – In a second step – the most relevant innoSPICE processes will be identified and mapped to the activities. This set of processes is forming the tailored process assessment model to be used in the innoSPICE departments’ assessment.

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Process Management in Industry 

Beside the RAMSES assessment training, Mr. Rainer Elvermann from cbprocess was invited. Mr. Elvermann is expert in professional process management with a strong background from engineering. He was presenting approaches to context based process management. In several practical examples, he showed how process orientation can support structuring and IMG_1949reduction of knowledge with the use of the right tools. Mr Elvermann also supported the Innovation Capability Center to discuss process orientation and its professional support on management level. The collaboration between University of Bremen and cbprocess was also a source of reference for the training program. As knowledge- and technology transfer is also founded on a proper function of the science industry interface, it was very helpful to have some insights from the management of a company on these topics. Rainer and his colleague Esther Funken participated in the full training and contributed to the discussions from their point of view.

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Result of Self Studies

The trainees presented their understanding to some processes. Several innoSPICE processes (Contact Development, Communication and Tendering) were explained to the IMG_1921audience and discussed. Each presentation explained the original process, provided a description of the process in own words and an example form the scientific domain of the presenter. The trainers supported in sharpening the argumentation and suggested slight improvements of the interpretation of the tasks. In general, it was a very valuable trainings unit, and the trainees were highly committed in understanding these elements of the model.

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IMG_1948Painting the Big Picture

Tanja Woronowicz of the Innovation Capability Center “painted” the big picture of the innoSPICE process reference model. In several visualizations she developed the story of the full innovation cycle turning ideas into economic added value. Her scheme connects the different phases of this cycle to the innoSPICE processes and stimulated active discussions with the trainees. This presentation was intended to support the self studies of the innoSPICE model, as the initial intention of all processes was given. Beside these important details, a very relevant aspect of the innoSPICE model was addressed: Processes can describe similar functions within an organization, but with a different granularity and perspective. E.g. the Technology Transfer Driver process IMG_1941category (TTD) is dealing with the operation of a professional knowledge- and technology transfer. Moreover, there is a Technology Transfer Management process in the Organizational Process Category (ORG). This process describes the strategic element of the implemented technology transfer driver processes. According to an organization’s needs and targets the processes of the TTD processes category are managed by this process – it can be understood as the control process of the innovation funnel . The Support Processes (SUP)  like Alternative Analysis, Decision Making, Measurement, Contact Development, Documentation etc. can be understood e.g. to support all processes of the primary process category. They ensure the integrity of the individual transfer processes and enforce defined procedures.  Like always, the full picture could be even more detailed – but at this stage, it is appropriate  to look at the relation of the most relevant processes.

This big picture was completed with an explanation of the different professional roles of innoSPICE  application, that also can be understood as career path for the trainees:

  • The innoSPICE coach is the quality management expert of knowledge- and technology transfer processes inside an organization and supports their day to day operation. He has a deep understanding of the continuous process improvement within the own organization.
  • The innoSPICE consultant is consulting  different types of organizations for the targeted improvement of specific innoSPICE processes. With a background in innovation management  and in transfer methods, he can help organizations to find suitable measures for effective change. He has the competence to guide an innoSPICE self assessment.
  • The innoSPICE assessor is able to measure the process capability of dedicated innoSPICE processes and has the accreditation to lead assessments. The competence of the innoSPICE assessor is based on a professional background in knowledge- and technology transfer, the innoSPICE process reference model and extensive assessment experience.

One of the targets for the RAMSES training program is to support the trainees to become an innoSPICE coach.

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The Assessment Training IMG_1944

During the training, a real assessment situation was taken to role playing for one process (Technology Tranfer Concept). Like in an full innoSPICE assessment, Tanja and Michael – the assessors – performed a targeted interview with two volunteering trainees. During this assessment role play, there was no discussion with the full audience about the general meaning of the different Base Practices,but the focus was just on the rating and evidence of the trainees. The “assessors” supported to find the right level of rating the different Base Practices. As the chosen assessment approach is based on a guided self evaluation, the final verdict was up to the trainees. It was a very positive experience not only for the assessed trainees and the audience, but also for the assessors which were very satisfied with the focussed and goal oriented discussion.

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Meeting with Prof. Amr Adly from the Electrical Power and Machines Department, the former executive director of STDF (right), Prof Mohamed Ewiss, principle investigator of the RAMSES project (middle), Mr. Rainer Elvermann from cbProcess (left) and Dr. Michael Boronowsky from the Innovation Capability Center.

Addressing the Management Level

Prof Mohamed Ewiss, principle investigator of the RAMSES project organized meeting to introduce Mr. Rainer Elvermann from cbProcess and his company to Prof. Amr Adly from the Electrical Power and Machines Department, councilor of Cairo university for post-graduate studies and research, former executive director of STDF to explore the cooperation of the automation system. Prof. Adly reported that even if Cairo University is an international scientifically highly ranked organization, there is a demand to have a better integration of industrial and societal needs into research activities. He welcomes and supports the ideas of the DAAD RAMSES project to raise the management capacity of CU and was positive about the training and assessment program based on the innoSPICE model. He provided the STDF Anual Report 2014 to give some ideas about the R&D environment in Egypt and Cairo University’s outstanding abilities.

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Prof. Gamal Esmat (Vice President for Graduate Studies and Research- right) and Prof. Mohamed Ewiss (Counsellor of Cairo University – middle) handing over the signed Memorandum of Understanding between Cairo University and University of Bremen to Dr. Michael Boronowsky Managing Director of the Innovation Capability Center – left)

 

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Prof. Abeer Eswi, Vice Dean of the Nursing Faculty in discussion with Rainer Elvermann.

In a meeting with Prof. Gamal Esmat  (Vice President for Graduate Studies and Research) the current state of the RAMSES project implementation was discussed. Dr. Boronowsky reported that the training will now start to practice inside the nursing and dentistry faculty and that the team prepares for an innoSPICE assessment in selected departments in the beginning of next year. This innoSPICE assessment will be performed by the Innovation Capability Team of the University Bremen. Mr. Boronowsky explained, that the current training of innoSPICE coaches is very valuable to support a sustainable process improvement inside the piloted faculties. He emphasized that is will be important to empower these trainees to be responsible for the internal technology transfer quality management at the end of the project.

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IMG_1953Tell us about innoSPICE

An important element of activation in this training unit were presentations of the innoSPICE approach by the trainees. The task given by the trainers was simple: “Present the innoSPICE approach to the colleagues of your faculty to inform them before an assessment takes place”. Goal of this task was to cross check, if the former training sessions provided a solid base for the second year of the IMG_1955project. There was a positive tension, but also the question on how much of the theoretical knowledge is already activated within the trainees. IMG_1957The trust in the capability of the trainees was fully justified and the trainers were very proud to see the great development the trainees after only one year. All presenters found their own interpretation about the needs and values of innoSPICE in the Egyptian innovation system. In several very unique talks a very convincing story was told. The positive finding for the trainers was that it not was just a copied, repeated version of the given lectures’ input. The knowledge about innoSPICE was activated and adapted in a very convincing way to the own needs. The trainers only had minor remarks and the positive spirit of this whole session was the motivating closure of this training. The IMG_1959first project year laid a solid foundation for the next project year that will aim to even more activate the trainees to support the improvement of knowledge- and technology transfer within their own faculties. At the end of the training the whole team was invited to a common dinner, with several informal discussions.

The project – the whole team – is on a promising path. We are happy to continue this very important mission.

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RAMSES Project start at IRESA

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Prof. Mohamed Aziz Darghouth, Dr. Ali Rhouma, Prof. Thouraya Souissi (from left to right)

The DAAD RAMSES project is based on a partnership between Germany, Egypt and
Tunisia. In the starting phase of the project the activities were concentrated on Cairo University. According to the operative planning the project activities were starting in Tunisia this week with the institution of Agricultural Research and Higher Education  IRESA. logo-iresaIRESA is constituted of 12 research institutions and centers and 11 institutions of Higher Education in Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, with the following major research Areas:

 

  •  Food security
  •  Sustainable management of natural resources (water, soil)
  •  Development of crops of high added value for exportation
  •  Quality of agricultural products (vegetables and animals)

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In a very productive meeting  Mrs. Tanja Woronowicz and Dr. Michael Boronowsky from the Innovation Capability Center of the University of Bremen, discussed with the IRESA management

  • Prof. Mohamed Aziz Darghouth: President of IRESA
  • Prof. Thouraya Souissi: Director of Pedagogical affairs
  • Dr. Ali Rhouma: Director of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation of research programs (Directorate of research)
  • Mabrouk Helali: General Secretary
  • Issam Rebai: Engineer Responsible of the quality in ag. higher education at the directorate of the pedagogical affairs
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Mrs. Tanja Woronowicz presents the innoSPICE approach, that is applied in the framework of the RAMSES project.

about the current strategic orientation and about the organizational challenges of IRESA.The objectives of the RAMSES project are in good correspondence with the management objectives. There is a strong interest of RAMSES to increase the employability of the graduating students due to a better alignment with the requirements of the job market. IRESA management team also is interested to improve the internal structure and processes and to develop a stronger position in the valorization of the research results. The ISO/IEC 15504 standard based model innoSPICE was introduced and understood as a valuable instrument to support and improve management processes at IRESA. The Innovation Capability Center was invited to present the innoSPICE concept in upcoming conferences. It was agreed to start with the innoSPICE guided self assessment in the begin of the next year.

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RAMSES visited FETRIC

IMG_1813The RAMSES project team from the Innovation Capability Center at University Bremen, Mrs. Tanja Woronowicz and Dr. Michael Boronowsky, attended the steering group meeting of the FETRIC project on 12. October 2015 in Tunis, Tunisia. The European FP7 Project FETRIC aims to strengthen the bilateral cooperation between the EU and Tunisia, by enhancing synergies between actors, projects, and programmes in Science and Technology from EU and Tunisia. The project is coordinated be the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MHESR) and beyond others the DLR (International Bureau of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research) is partner of this BILAT EU-TUNISIA project.

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During the Meeting DLR presented the project task “Plan for improving the innovation management capacity of Research Centres”. The overall objectives of this task is to address the problem of the lack of linkages between the research community and the enterprises, and also the lack of skills ensuring interfaces and methods to create trust IMG_1814between the two worlds. Against this background the MHESR initiated in collaboration with the DLR a programme for the “Improvement of the innovation management capacity of Research Centres” (IMC-RC Programme). The programme IMC-RC aims to strengthen the innovation management capacity of the Tunisian research centres by introducing major changes in their way of governance, mainly in their administrative management and innovation strategy, and management of project and research activities.

IMG_1819A competitive call for proposals was launched by the MHESR. Research centres/laboratories were asked to specify their goals and gaps, identify own strengths and propose its approach for reforms at the level of innovation management capacity. In three pilot projects a adapted plan for improving innovation capacities willbe developed for each research centre/laboratory beneficiary of the IMC-RC programme.

It is planned to apply a similar methodological approach like in the RAMSES project (Coordinated by University of Bremen), based on an Innovation Capability Assessment according he ISO/IEC 15504 standard based model innoSPICE. This mission will be conducted by the Innovation Capability Team from Bremen University with the support of Tunisian experts, DLR and MHESR.

Through this action, the MHESR considers

  • positioning research laboratories in relation to the targeted objectives and international good practices in terms of management of knowledge- and technology transfer processes, and
  • establishing a “Plan for improving the innovation management capacity”.

This link between the FP7 FETRIC project and the DAAD RAMSES project is a valuable base to increase the impact of the RAMSES project in Tunisia and to increase  the application  base of the innoSPICE standard based model for innovation, knowledge- and technology transfer.

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Project “cb-cert” has started

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Link to our partner cbprocess.

In collaboration with our partner cbprocess, Bremen the project cb-cert has kicked off on 15th July 2015. This development project is actively supported by AIRBUS DS in Bremen. This innovation oriented collaboration is funded by WFB Business Development Agency Bremen in the framework of the FEI programme and will take 24 months.

cb-cert intends to develop a software framework supporting the coherent management and audits according to ISO9001:2015 and ISO/IEC 15504 innoSPICE. The focus is on improving the collaboration quality between heterogeneous partner organizations for innovation activities (on technical level as well as on the economical level). The solution will be piloted in the context of EcoMat – Center for Eco-efficient Materials and Technologies Bremen and will be extended to other large corporations in the second phase of the project.

An increasing global competition leads to a growing cost pressure. It also increases the need to coordinate processes systematically in research and development, manufacturing, distribution, service and logistics. Furthermore a certified, process-oriented quality assurance is a relevant component of many organizations’ business strategy. For some manufacturer, supplier and international acting companies a quality certification is even
mandatory. A fast, reliable and up-to-date communication flow between all stakeholders is essential to strengthen the competitive position of an organization. cb-cert provides a solution that allows links between different processes, documents and data with a high precision.

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cb-cert will:

  • make the new ISO 9001:2015 and ISO/IEC 15504 innoSPICE available in electronic form to support assessment, and process oriented quality management;
  • support the process oriented approach with flexible visualizations, cross linking between processes/base practices/process documentation/process capability assessments/process mapping etc;
  • ensure compatibility between different management systems and standard software suites. Products like MS Powerpoint, MS Sharepoint, SAP or the support of proprietary solutions via smart tags will be supported;
  • ensure appropriate integration of process relevant documentation;
  • support management oriented thinking by adopting Plan-Do-Check-Act-Cycles during process implementation.

ISO 9001:2015 and ISO/IEC 15504 innoSPICE are supposed to be synergetic components of quality management is expected to ensure a high degree of independence even in very close cooperation settings. On the other hand it will support the transfer of knowledge and technologies on a high quality level.

Development and implementation of the International Master`s program “Ecology” at SCU

One of the main objectives of SATIS project is the development of an international Master of Ecology (MEC) program at the Suez-Canal University (SCU), which educate students in the field of ecology, qualifying them for profession and scientific career. This study program should be open for students of every country, also Non-Arab students, who is interested in biology, ecology or a related subject. As an international Master all courses will offered in English.

IMG_1758The development of a new MEC is adapted to national and international (European Higher Education Area – EHEA) accepted regulations. Since the SATIS kick-off meeting in February the national accreditation process is started. The dean of the Faculty of Science as well as the president of the SCU approved in June the implementation of a new MEC. To link the new MEC with EHEA, students will get credit points according to the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). Moreover an academic year in Egypt is very similar to German and improves the possibility that Master students from SCU and Bremen University could exchange on course level, semester, research project or thesis, founded by different program (DAAD, international Erasmus, etc.)

The current state is the development of curriculum and course contents. The program will consist of 4 Semester (two years) including a half year M.Sc. thesis according to the EHEA. The structure is left to the MEC program at the University of Bremen by adaption to Ismailian needs and facilities. Besides obligatory courses specialization will be possible by an individual choice of optional courses like Population, Vegetation or Soil Ecology. To offer a variety of courses different departments of Faculty of Science are involved. The courses consist of theoretical and practical parts and also include self studying. Methods of teaching and instruction will be lectures, seminars, laboratories and excursion. Further the ReviTec® approach will be an essential part in teaching and courses like Experimental Design, Vegetation Ecology, Soil Ecology, Sustainability Research, and Biodiversity, research activity in project course or for Master Thesis.

During the visit of Prof. Raouf Moustafa, Prof. Samira R. Mansour and Dr. Saad Zaghloul at the University of Bremen in September 2015 the curriculum was discussed and concretized. After finishing the MEC curriculum content will be sent to the Supreme Council of Universities in Cairo to approve it on national base. This is scheduled for the next month.

Visit of Delegation from Suez Canal University in Bremen

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In the Context of the SATIS project Prof. Abdelraouf A. Moustafa, Prof. Samira R. Mansour and Prof. Mohammed S. Zaghloul from Suez Canal University (SCU) visited Bremen University from 14.-18.9.2015. The workshop was organized by Dr. Thomas Buse from the UFT at Bremen University. Tanja Woronowicz, Prof. Hartmut Koehler, Raimund Kesel and Dr. Michael Boronowsky are The SATIS Team Bremen During the very busy schedule the current status of the SATIS project had been discussed. The activities in setting up the ReviTec pilot at SCU are finalized and the first scientific experiments had been started.

During the stay the adopted curriculum of the International Master of Ecology in Ismailia was deeply discussed and a plan for the national accreditation in Egypt was developed. The decision to start the MSc prgram only in 2016 was agreed as most valuable, because the management structures at SCU need to aligned accordingly. It will need some more month to establish a common set of quality assurance instruments according tot he Europaen Higher Education Area rules to further on enable students’ exchange from both sides. The current development of the Master was also discussed with Prof. Martin Diekmann, chairman of the International MSc program at University of Bremen. Beside these activities a visit of the KNO-Compost production site took place, also to support the discussion of the ReviTec substrate production.

IMG_1759In general terms new approaches to solve the pressing problems of desertification and degradation were discussed. The guests from SCU reported about the land degradation in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas which is intensively increased by human activities. Beyond this climate change effects, salinization, loss of biodiversity, loss of ecosystem service and goods, the use of natural resources, environmental economics and sustainable development had been topic of this visit.

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Dr. Thomas Buse, Prof. Mohammed S. Zaghloul, Prof. Samira R. Mansour, Tanja Woronowicz, Prof. Juliane Filser, Prof. Abdelraouf A. Moustafa, Raimund Kessel, Prof. Dr. Hartmut Koeler (from left to right)

Development and implementation of the ReviTec® site at the Suez-Canal University

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Area for the ReviTec® research and demonstration site in front of the Faculty of Science, Ismailia, Feb. 2015

During the last month the research and demonstration site is getting more and more visible. After the kick-off meeting in February in Ismailia a possible research site was chosen on the campus which is approved by the president of the Suez-Canal University. A 100 x 65 m area behind the Faculty of Science building is available for a ReviTec® approach to combat desertification and soil degradation. The area is divided into six 30 x 30 m plots which are intersected by stone paths. The entrance door was already standing, but the area had still to be prepared and fenced.

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5ReviTec®® site building activities in April/ May 2015

 

 

 

In May 2015 Mr. Raimund Kesel and Dr. Thomas Buse from the University of Bremen conducted a four days training for the implementation process of the research and teaching site in Ismailia. During their stay regional soil amendments such as compost, dung or biochar from Egyptian char production were tested for an application in the ReviTec® modules. A module consists of degradable fabric bag filled with substrates, seed and amendments for the improvement of water and nutrient conditions.

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      Raimund Kesel and Thomas Buse visited the site in May and trained the substrate mixing procedure, the arrangement of the ReviTec® modules and discussed possible scientific designs and research interests

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Further the first research question, the setting and the implementation process were discussed, which should start in October after the extreme summer month. Moreover the very dry climate condition with less than 30 mm rainfall in Ismailia, ReviTec® application have to be combined with appropriate soil wetting technologies. One objective of the experiments is to reduce water use and in consequences to reduce salinization with standard ReviTec® structures.

The goals of the ReviTec® site at the Suez-Canal University are following:

  1. Testing and demonstration of combinations of the ReviTec® soil rehabilitation with soil wetting technologies.
  2. Cultivation of medical plants and of crops and fodder plants on ReviTec® arrangements.
  3. Scientific monitoring of and teaching about the development and the performance of the ReviTec® structures.

During the preparation of the research site the first scientific work to determine soil parameters and the seed bank in the soil has done by the student Ms. Aya Awad Elsayed Mohamed from the Department of Botany. She did first important measurements in pH-value, particle size (texture), organic matter content and electronic conductivity of soil samples for her Bachelor thesis and as a references for later investigations on this research site.

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Aya Awad Elsayed Mohamed collected soil samples for seed bank analysis

 

 

 

For the year 2015 two main experiments on two plots of the research site are developed now.

The first experiment deals with the effective production of Moringa seeds in high number and high quality. Moringa is under severe pressure on the Sinai from its exploitation as multipurpose medical plant by the native population, including seed collection. There is no natural re-growth. Combined with socio-ecological measures, ex-situ conservation may be a solution to re-establish viable Moringa populations on the Sinai. This experiment aims at the optimization of seed production with ReviTec®-supported plantation. With a standard and a reduced irrigation regime the water saving potential of ReviTec® is assessed.

The second experiments prove the water efficiency of irrigation systems in combinations with the ReviTec® structures. The growth of crop plants such as dry rise, millet or barley on the structures themselves will investigate according to biomass and yield production of these plants.

Both experiments were designed and finally discussed during the visited of Prof. Raouf Moustafa, Prof. Samira R. Mansour and Dr. Saad Zaghloul at the University of Bremen in September 2015. Research question and related hypotheses were developed and will be proven with the respective factorial design.

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Field design for the Moringa experiments                            

 

 

Different colors means different treatments, blue lines is the irrigation system

 

Field design for the ReviTec® structures in irrigation systems

 

 

 

The research, teaching and demonstrations ReviTec® site should be an explorative approach within a new international Master of Ecology program at SCU. Egyptian MSc students together with their lecturer become directly involved in ongoing research activities at the demonstration site while generating new results, develop further research question and find approaches to solve the pressing problems of desertification and salinization.

The ReviTec teaching component should refer to

  1. basic ecological questions such as environmental factors (edaphic, climatic, biotic, …), vitality curve (e.g., ecological potential of Moringa), succession, biodiversity (seed) and management of these components
  2. application of ecological knowledge in selection of biotic components, management according to a specific aim, selection and preparation of biotic and abiotic material.

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The ReviTec® Pilot site in September 2015.